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Un paso más cerca de la integración de tecnologías de captura de carbono en plantas de valorización energética


Lanzado a finales de 2020, el Fondo de Innovación de la UE es uno de los instrumentos de financiación europeos para proyectos relacionados con tecnologías pioneras en industrias intensivas en energía, energías renovables y captura, uso y almacenamiento de carbono. En total, el Fondo asignará 1000 millones de euros a proyectos a gran y pequeña escala. De 311 solicitudes para la primera convocatoria, solo 70 fueron seleccionadas para la segunda ronda. Dos proyectos ambiciosos en el sector de conversión de residuos en energía se incluyeron en la lista de finalistas. El Fortum Oslo Varme en Noruega y el Amager Bakke en Dinamarca. Ambos proyectos planean equipar las plantas existentes con tecnologías de captura de carbono para reducir su huella de carbono. Las elecciones de la Comisión Europea para esta primera selección envían una señal positiva hacia el potencial de las tecnologías de captura de carbono en el sector de conversión de residuos en energía. El 90% de las emisiones de CO2 se capturarán cada año La planta de conversión de residuos en energía de Fortum Oslo Varme actualmente suministra el 60% del sistema de calefacción de distrito de Oslo mediante la quema de residuos, como residuos biológicos y hospitalarios. La nueva instalación del proyecto, integrada en la planta existente, capturará el 90% de las 400.000 toneladas de CO2 emitidas cada año. Si la financiación solicitada de 300 millones de euros se aprueba en la segunda ronda de la convocatoria, la planta estará operativa en 2026 y reducirá las emisiones de Oslo en un 15%. Conversión de CO2 intro e-combustibles ecológicos El proyecto de la planta de conversión de residuos en energía de Copenhague, liderado por ARC y CMP, contribuirá al objetivo de la ciudad de convertirse en la primera capital neutra en carbono del mundo. Si se selecciona la financiación solicitada por el proyecto CCS de 120 millones de euros, se eliminarán las 500.000 toneladas de CO2 emitidas cada año por la planta. El CO2 capturado también brindará nuevas oportunidades en soluciones sostenibles, como los combustibles electrónicos ecológicos para el sector del transporte.

The Basque Government and Bilbao City Council set up the first advanced circular economy services centre in Southern Europe


Arantxa Tapia, the Basque Government’s Minister for Economic Development, Sustainability and the Environment, and the Mayor of Bilbao, Juan Mari Aburto, today unveiled the Basque Circular Hub, the first advanced circular economy services centre in Southern Europe. This new expertise centre, which will be managed by Ihobe, is the outcome of the public-private partnership between the Basque Government, Bilbao City Council, Deusto University, the University of the Basque Country-UPV-EHU, Mondragón University, the Basque VET Applied Research Centre-Tknika and the Nova Salcedo Foundation. The Basque Circular Hub is the only centre of its kind in the Spanish State and in Southern Europe offering market outlook and advanced training services, along with trends analyses and generating expertise in the field of the circular economy. Its goals for 2024 include 1500 companies using the hub’s services, around a hundred teachers and 1200 professionals having received specialised training in the circular economy, and 20 sector watch reports produced. In addition, Ihobe will support the city of Bilbao in the preparation of a circular economy roadmap and the search for innovation solutions to challenges raised by the citizens or the local business fabric. This innovative centre is one of the instruments to meet the goals of the Circular Economy Strategy 2030 and will help to strengthen Basque industry’s leadership in its transformation towards more sustainable and circular models. As of today, companies of the Basque Country now have at their disposal a wide portfolio of services to enhance their competitiveness by means of integrating circular processes in their production systems. The Basque Circular Hub will also provide support to new green economy entrepreneurship initiatives and will run advanced training courses for teachers, workers both in employment and the unemployed, and students wishing to specialise in this field. It will therefore be working with Deusto, Mondragón and UPV-EHU universities, the Basque VET Applied Research Centre-Tknika and the Nova Salcedo Foundation in that regard. At the Basque Circular Hub, currently located in Bilbao’s Auzoko Factory Irazabal-Matiko, Ihobe’s 15 years of extensive experience in developing ecodesign methodologies and programmes to train experts in ecodesign is combined with Bilbao City Council’s track record in backing entrepreneurship. This is reflected in the agreement that both entities have signed to launch this trail-blazing initiative in the Spanish State and Southern Europe. This initiative is part of the smart specialisation strategy being developed in Bilbao to drive advanced services that respond to the current and future needs of industry and other market options. The Basque Government’s Minister for Economic Development, Sustainability and the Environment, Arantxa Tapia, and the Mayor of Bilbao, Juan Mari Aburto, have visited the premises of the Basque Circular Hub this morning, where Ihobe’s General Manager, Alexander Boto, showed them the highly-specialised services that this centre will provide for the Basque industrial fabric and for the vocational training & university community. Four core areas of activity The Basque Circular Hub covers areas such as new circular business models, ecoinnovation and technologies in the circular economy, new sustainable materials, ecodesign of products and buildings, efficient manufacturing, food waste, consumption of plastics, and circular consumption. Ihobe is in charge of coordinating all the activity of this centre, whose staff is made up of experts in engineering, economics and marketing. The centre will be working in four action areas: implementing circular economy projects in Basque companies, acting as the Circular Economy Observatory of the Basque Country, providing advance training in the circular economy, and making technical tools available for companies. In particular, the focus will be on developing circular economy technical projects in Basque companies with the participation of young professionals trained at the Hub. The companies will have young specialists with the expertise to integrate the circular economy in their processes and the students will be able to access a working environment to put into practice what they have learnt. Specifically, over a thousand young people are expected to have taken part in this activity by 2024. As the Circular Economy Observatory of the Basque Country, its work will include strategic watch activities to detect new business opportunities, producing roadmaps for emerging businesses, and preparing watch reports adapted to the industrial sectors. In the field of entrepreneurship, it will support project design and provide guidance on accessing the grants available at any given time. The expert training activities in the circular economy will play an important role as they will not only be aimed at recent graduates, but also the teaching staff at universities and vocational training centres. This training will also be available for companies that wish to have experts in the area. A centre located in Bilbao The Basque Circular Hub is located at Bilbao City Council’s Auzo Factory Irazabal-Matiko entrepreneurship centre, thanks to the agreement signed between Ihobe and the city council, by means of which the City Council provides the space to host the premises of the Hub. At the same time, both entities have undertaken to support and give advice to local entrepreneurship initiatives in the circular economy, as well as to detect business opportunities in this area in sectors such as trade, tourism and the creative industries. All the Hub’s activity will be available on its corporate website where interested companies can perform a self-assessment of the degree of circularity of their industrial processes, quantify the environmental impacts of their products or visit the virtual exhibition of nearly 200 products ecodesigned by Basque companies and which have already been launched.

Ihobe fosters 26 eco-innovative projects in eco-design, remanufacturing & the circular economy for metals, plastics & ores


26 projects have been selected to receive aid from Ihobe, a publicly-owned company answerable to the Basque Government Department of Economic Development, Sustainability and the Environment, out of a total of 58 applications under the 2020 call for the Eco-innovation in the Circular Economy programme. These projects expect to achieve results such as cuts in GHGs equivalent to the emissions per annum of 7000 people, equivalent to the population of Muzkiz, Lekeitio or Aretxabaleta. These innovative industrial projects based on the circular economy join a list of 147 similar projects put into action in the Basque Country since 2014 thanks to this aid programme jointly funded by the ERDF (European Regional Development Fund). 69% of the projects in the 2020 call focus on the saving of materials, and the rest on products. Under the Products heading five eco-design projects for equipment and components and three remanufacturing and circular business model projects have been selected. Under the Materials heading six projects for fostering the circular economy in metals, critical materials and best available technologies have been selected, plus three on plastics and six on pres and construction materials. Three contaminated soil remediation projects have also been selected. There are projects that seek to improve the design or durability of products, e.g. those undertaken by Alava-based companies Zayer and Zigor, Gipuzkoa-based CAF, Ekide, HreHidraulic and Ekonek and Bizkaia-based Emica Bombas and Vibacar. Stand-outs among the eco-innovative projects involving metals selected are those set up by ACB Sestao, Befesa Aluminio, Furesa and Stadler. Cikautxo, Akt Plásticos and Plastigaur are leaders in innovation in the circular economy for plastics, while Euskatfund, Hormor, KrosakiAmr Refractarios, Lezama Demoliciones, Nutec Procal and Sociedad Financiera y Minera are promoting innovative circular-economy projects involving ores. Afesa and the Teknimap-Talantia consortium are leaders in innovative soil remediation technologies, while TernuaImportArrasate is moving ahead of the EU's sustainable textiles strategy with its Wearcycle project. “The purpose of his aid is to encourage the design and implementation of eco-innovative projects at Basque companies which can enable us to build up a fabric of industry based on the circular economy and thus meet the 2050 carbon neutrality targets set for the Basque Country”, states Ihobe Manager Alexander Boto. Stand-out projects on which implementation has begun in 2021 range from the automatic separation of sintered magnets to the creation of artificial-vision-based tools for automating the handling and diagnostic analysis of parts to be remanufactured and the creation of an integrated system for detecting and eliminating particle clouds generated during industrial operations. Expected outcomes If the technical, financial, environmental and commercial viability of these projects is confirmed, within three years the following outcomes are expected: - There will be a decrease of 63,500 tonnes per annum in greenhouse gases (GHGs), equivalent to the emissions per year of 7300 people. - The dumping of 475,000 tonnes of waste per annum will be avoided - Additional turnover of €114 million per annum will be generated. - 19 new business lines will be launched.

Bizkaia duplicará su capacidad de reciclaje de orgánicos con tres nuevas plantas en Berriatua, Igorre y Getxo


Separar en origen papel, envases, vidrio y textiles ya es común en muchos domicilios, pero Bizkaia quiere dar ahora un impulso al reciclaje de orgánicos, que se depositan en el denominado contenedor marrón, para cuyo uso se necesita una llave que suministran los ayuntamientos o mancomunidades. Además, el territorio quiere duplicar su capacidad de reciclaje de este tipo de basura. El año pasado se amplió la planta de compostaje de Artigas tras una inversión de 5,7 millones de euros. La principal planta de compostaje tiene ya capacidad para tratar 10.400 toneladas al año de biorresiduos y una cantidad similar en restos de poda. Pero además, la provincia estrenará en los próximos meses otras tres compostadoras verticales en Getxo, Berriatua e Igorre, que sumarán otras 9.000 toneladas de capacidad, así que la capacidad del territorio alcanzará las 20.000.depósitos serán ampliables y no se descarta estrenar más en otras localidades, si bien la Diputación ha desechado «por distintos motivos» otros puntos de compostaje en «Elorrio, Berriz, Garai, Durango o Amoroto». Cada uno de ellos requerirá una inversión de 700.000 euros, y aquí se encuadra el coste de personal, aunque solo requerirán a un trabajador a media jornada. El coste de mantenimiento rondará los 70.000 euros anuales. En el caso de Getxo, lo asumirá el propio Consistorio. La planta de Berriatua será gestionada por la Mancomunidad de Lea Artibai y la de Igorre, por la sociedad foral Garbiker. La puesta en marcha de las compostadoras llegará algo después de que desde este mismo lunes, el contenedor marrón admitirá carne, embutidos, pescado, marisco, restos de huevo y sus cáscaras o quesos se sumarán a los que ya debían depositarse en estos contáiners, como frutas, verduras, legumbres, hortalizas, pastas, arroces y semillas, «un paso importante que permitirá incrementar la recogida de esta fracción y avanzar hacia una Bizkaia más verde y sostenible», ha expuesto la diputada de Sostenibilidad y Medio Natural, Elena Unzueta. Ello permitirá que crezca el reciclaje de residuos orgánicos, que es en la actualidad de apenas el 2% , la mitad de lo planteado como objetivo en 2016. Este tipo de basura supone el 40% de las típicas bolsas que se tiran al contenedor de resto. Avanzar en la separación en origen de este tipo de basura supondrá acercarse a las metas que impone la unión europea. Además, ello permitirá sacar más partido a los más de 7.000 contenedores marrones desplegados por toda la provincia- los hay en el 88% de las localidades vizcaínas- y producir más toneladas de compost, que se vende a ayuntamientos, empresas de jardinería y particulares. El proceso de fabricación dura unas ocho semanas. Tras un triaje, el residuo se fermenta y después se voltea y airea. La diputada ha comparecido a petición del juntero del PP Eduardo Andrade, que solicitó más información sobre estas plantas de compostaje comarcales y los criterios seguidos para su ubicación en estos municipios en concreto, aunque el apoderado morado Xabier Benito también había registrado una pregunta oral por este tema. A juicio de este parlamentario vizcaíno, es una buena noticia que los contenedores marrones vayan a poder recibir desde el lunes todo el residuo orgánico pero cree que todavía hay una gran parte de la población que no utiliza este contenedor y que los incentivos económicos serían más eficaces. El apoderado de EH Bildu, Raúl Méndez, apuntó que «aunque la medida llega tarde, era necesaria para acercarnos a los objetivos planteados por Europa». Y ha preguntado por las campañas de sensibilización que deben realizarse para fomentar este tipo de recogida selectiva.

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