In 2011, 40% of treated municipal waste was recycled or composted, up from 27% in 2001

4 March, 2013 adclick Sin categoría

 

EUROSTAT

In the EU27, 503 kg of municipal waste1 was generated per person in 2011, while 486 kg of municipal waste was treated2 per person. This municipal waste was treated in different ways3: 37% was landfilled, 23% incinerated, 25% recycled and 15% composted, compared with 56% landfilled, 17% incinerated, 17% recycled and 10% composted in 2001.

The amount of municipal waste generated varies significantly across Member States. Denmark, with 718 kg per person, had the highest amount of waste generated in 2011, followed by Luxembourg, Cyprus and Ireland with values between 600 and 700 kg per person, and Germany, the Netherlands, Malta, Austria, Italy, Spain, France, the United Kingdom and Finland with values between 500 and 600 kg. Greece, Portugal, Belgium, Sweden, Lithuania and Slovenia had values between 400 and 500 kg, while values of below 400 kg per person were recorded in Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania, Latvia, Slovakia, the Czech Republic, Poland and Estonia.

This information4 is published by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union.

Recycling most common in Germany, incineration in Denmark and composting in Austria

The treatment methods differ substantially between Member States. In 2011, the Member States with the highest share of municipal waste landfilled were Romania (99% of waste treated), Bulgaria (94%), Malta (92%), Latvia and Lithuania (both 88%).

The highest shares of incinerated municipal waste were observed in Denmark (54% of waste treated), Sweden (51%), Belgium (42%), Luxembourg and the Netherlands (both 38%), Germany (37%), France and Austria (both 35%).

Recycling was most common in Germany (45% of waste treated), Ireland (37%), Belgium (36%), Slovenia (34%), Sweden (33%), the Netherlands (32%) and Denmark (31%). The Member States with the highest composting rates for municipal waste were Austria (34%), the Netherlands (28%), Belgium and Luxembourg (both 20%), Spain and France (both 18%).

Recycling and composting of municipal waste together accounted for more than 50% of waste treated in Germany (63%), Austria (62%), the Netherlands (61%) and Belgium (57%).


Municipal waste, 2011

  

Municipal waste generated,
kg per person

Total municipal waste treated,
kg per person

Municipal waste treated, %

Landfilled

Incinerated

Recycled

Composted

EU27

503

486

37

23

25

15

Belgium

465

460

1

42

36

20

Bulgaria

375

371

94

0

3

3

Czech Republic

320

319

65

18

15

2

Denmark

718

718

3

54

31

12

Germany

597

597

1

37

45

17

Estonia

298

257

70

0

20

10

Ireland

623

560

55

5

37

4

Greece

496

496

82

0

15

3

Spain

531

531

58

9

15

18

France

526

526

28

35

19

18

Italy

535

505

49

17

21

13

Cyprus

658

658

80

0

11

9

Latvia

350

292

88

0

10

1

Lithuania

441

387

88

1

9

2

Luxembourg

687

687

15

38

27

20

Hungary

382

382

67

11

17

5

Malta

584

536

92

1

7

0

Netherlands

596

502

1

38

32

28

Austria

552

528

3

35

28

34

Poland

315

255

71

1

11

17

Portugal

487

487

59

21

12

8

Romania

365

293

99

0

1

0

Slovenia

411

351

58

2

34

6

Slovakia

327

312

78

11

5

6

Finland

505

505

40

25

22

13

Sweden

460

460

1

51

33

15

United Kingdom

518

514

49

12

25

14

Iceland

571

530

73

11

14

2

Norway

483

473

2

57

25

15

Switzerland

689

689

0

50

35

16

Croatia

373

371

92

0

8

1

Former Yug. Rep of Macedonia

357

357

100

Serbia

361

281

100

0

0

0

Turkey

395

333

99

0

0

1

Bosnia and Herzegovina

410

391

100

Data for the EU27, the Czech Republic, Germany, Ireland, Spain, France, Italy, Cyprus, Luxembourg, Austria, Poland, Portugal, Romania, the United Kingdom, Iceland, Turkey and Bosnia and Herzegovina are estimated.

0 equals less than 0.5%

“-” indicates a real zero

  1. Municipal waste consists to a large extent of waste generated by households, but may also include similar wastes generated by small businesses and public institutions and collected by the municipality; this part of municipal waste may vary from municipality to municipality and from country to country, depending on the local waste management system.

For areas not covered by a municipal waste collection scheme the amount of waste generated is estimated. Wastes from agriculture and industry are not included.

  1. The reported quantities of waste generated and treated do not match exactly for some Member States, for the following reasons: estimates for the population not covered by collection schemes, weight losses due to dehydration, double counts of waste undergoing two or more treatment steps, exports and imports of waste and time lags between generation and treatment (temporary storage).
  2. Waste treatment refers to the following methods:

Landfill means the depositing of waste into or onto land, including specially engineered landfill and temporary storage of over one year.

Incineration means thermal treatment of waste in an incineration plant.

Recycling means any recovery operation by which waste materials are reprocessed into products, materials or substances whether for the original or other purposes, except use as fuel.

Composting means the biological treatment (anaerobic or aerobic) of biodegradable matter resulting in a recoverable product.

In principle, data on treated municipal waste only refer to waste treated within the Member State, and does not take into account waste exported for treatment. However, recycling capacities may be limited in small countries. Luxembourg is a case where recycled amounts include exports.

  1. For further information, please visit the web site of Eurostat, under Statistics / Environment / Environmental Data Centre on Waste

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